When blood is pumped through arteries at a higher pressure than normal, it is generally called high blood pressure, sometimes known as hypertension. With high blood pressure, it is too challenging for blood to be transported through arteries by the heart. The arteries in the body are disrupted by the severe situation of hypertension.
“We are the ones, who have high blood pressure,
ulcers, heart attacks, not cats.”
– Roger Caras
Hypertension is often regarded as the “silent killer” because you may not even know that there is anything wrong, but still, the damage is being done to your body. In this era, your risk of developing severe health issues increases with high blood pressure levels. Do you want to know about the top 4 negative health effects in 2023 due to high blood pressure? The effects of high blood pressure on one’s health will be the main topic of this article. We will discuss all the things about high blood pressure, or hypertension, that is extremely dangerous to your health. Firstly, we will elaborate on two types of hypertension.
Types of hypertension
- Essential hypertension
- Secondary hypertension
It is also known as primary hypertension. Primary hypertension typically takes years for this type of blood pressure to develop. It often originates from your way of life, your environment, and the changes in your body as you grow.
Different medical conditions (such as kidneys or hormone issues) or sometimes a medication you are taking can cause such a type of high blood pressure.
Sometimes blood pressure goes up just from having a medical. Researchers referred to this as white-coat hypertension.
Causes of high blood pressure
Certain traits, conditions, or actions may raise your risk for the disorder of high blood pressure while the exact cause is unknown. A diet is rich in cholesterol, fat, and/or salt. The improper exercise. Look into your family history, paying special attention to whether your parents or any close relatives have high blood pressure. Carrying an excessive weight. Older age (the chance of developing high blood pressure increases as age increases). Tobacco use or excessive consumption of alcohol. Too much pressure and stress are the common causes of hypertension.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
The majority of persons with high blood pressure have no symptoms, even if blood pressure levels might be incredibly high. High blood pressure may go years without showing any symptoms. Certain people who have high blood pressure could have:
- breathing difficulty
- Blurred or loss of vision
- Coughing and vomiting
“People with high blood pressure, diabetes-
those conditions brought about by lifestyle.
If you change the lifestyle, those conditions will leave”
– Dick Gregory
But all of these symptoms are special. The majority of the time, they do not show up until high blood pressure has become serious or life-threatening.
Diseases due to hypertension
The body is sometimes silently harmed by high blood pressure (hypertension) for years before symptoms appear. Loss of the ability to function, a poor quality of life, or other diseases like severe heart disease or stroke might happen from unchecked high blood pressure. Here we discuss the top 4 negative health effects in 2023 due to high blood pressure.
- Damage and narrowed arteries
- Heart failure
- Brain stroke
- Kidney failure
Damage and narrowed arteries
High blood pressure may harm the cells that make up the interior of the arteries. When they enter the bloodstream dietary fats could start building up in the relatively weak arteries.
A portion of an artery’s wall could eventually swell and become a bubble as a result of the blood’s constant pressure (aneurysm). A ruptured artery may cause various dangerous internal bleeding. Over time, the artery walls become less elastic, which reduces the quantity of blood that can flow through the body. Any artery can have a hemorrhage, however, they most generally occur in the body’s major artery (aorta).
High blood pressure initiates arteries to narrow and also get damaged, which makes it challenging to provide blood to the heart. Because of high blood pressure, the heart has to work harder to pump blood to the body’s other organs. The outcome is a thickening of the left ventricle, the lower left lobe of the heart. A thickened left ventricle increases the risk of heart attacks, heart failure, and sudden cardiac death.
The pressure on the heart imposed by high blood pressure over time may cause the heart muscle to shrink and work less effectively. The overworked heart eventually starts failing.
Restricted blood flow to the brain caused by blocked or narrowed arteries can cause one specific type of memory loss (vascular dementia).
Brain cells start to deform when an area of the brain is not absorbing enough oxygen and nutrients.
High blood pressure can shrink, burst, or cause blood vessels to bleed. Additionally, high blood pressure can cause blood clots to form in the arteries serving the brain, obstructing blood flow and possibly leading to a stroke. Vascular dementia can also be brought on by a stroke that blocks off the supply of blood to the brain.
High blood pressure is one of the most important factors in renal failure. Your kidneys help in detoxification and manage a number of sensitive body systems. High blood pressure can restrict and deform the blood vessels in your kidneys, which limits blood flow and prevents the kidneys from working effectively. When this happens, your kidneys will be unable to completely remove all waste products and extra fluid from your body. An inherently dangerous cycle can be created by too much fluid in the blood arteries, which will elevate your blood pressure even worse and further damage your kidneys.